Although the quantity of commerce between India and Rome seems to have been huge, it was not carried on m articles of daily or widespread use. There was a brisk commerce in luxurious objects, notin the articles of day-to-day use. The Romans first started commerce with the southern-most portion of the nation, on account of their earliest money have been found throughout the Tamil kingdoms which lay open air the Satavahana dominions. The Romans primarily imported spices for which south India was well-known. Moreover they imported muslin, pearls, jewels, and treasured stones from central and south India. Iron objects, significantly cutlery, formed an essential merchandise of export to the Roman empire. Together with the articles straight supplied by India, positive articles had been delivered to India fiom China and Central Asia after which despatched to part of the Roman empire. Silk was straight despatched from China to the Roman empire by means of the Silk Freeway passing by means of north Afghanistan and Iran. Nevertheless the establishment of the Parthian rule in Iran and the neighbouring areas created difficulties. Subsequently silk wanted to be diverted to the western Indian ports by means of the north-western part of the subcontinent. Sometime^ it moreover found its method from China to India na the east coast of India. From there it went to the West. Thus there was considerable transit commerce in silk between India and the Roman empire.

Return the Romans exported to India

In return the Romans exported to India wine- amphorae and diversified totally different types of pottery which have been present in excavations at Tamluk in West Bengal, Arikamedu near Pondicherry and at plenty of totally different areas in south India. Typically they travelled as far as Gauhati. Lead, which was used for making money by the Satavahanas, seems to have been imported from Rome,throughout the type of coiled strips. The Roman objects haven’t been present in any good amount in north India. Nevertheless there isn’t a doubt that beneath the Kushans the northwestern part of the subcontinent throughout the second century A.D carried on commerce with part of the Roman empire This was facilitated by the Roman conquest of Mesopotamia, which was made a Roman province m A.D 115. The Roman emperor Trajan not solely conquered Muscat however moreover explored the Persian Gulf. Due to tiade and conquest the Roman objects reached Afghanistan and north-western India. At Begram, 72 km north of Kabul, huge glass jars made in Italy, Egypt and Syria have come to light. We moreover uncover there bowls, bronze stands, steel yards, weights of western origin, Graeqo-Roman bronze statues of small dimension, jugs and totally different vessels fabricated from alabaster Taxila, which is equal with the modern Sirkap in North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan, provides high-quality examples of the Graeco-Roman sculpture in bronze. We moreover uncover silver ornaments, some bronze pots, one jar and money of the Roman emperor Tiberius. Nevertheless Arretine pottery, which has been found typically in south India, simply isn’t seen m central or western India or in Afghanistan. Evidently these areas didn’t acquire commonplace western articles, which have been found principally south of the Vindhyas throughout the Satavahana kingdom and extra south, Thust the kingdoms of every the Satavahanas along with the Kushans profited from commerce with the Roman empire, although the utmost income seems to have accrued to the Satavahanas.

 

 

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